选址 Magazine – by Mark Arend
Northwest 俄亥俄州 was never short on infrastructure assets of interest to business and industry. These include a CSX intermodal terminal in North Baltimore, south of Toledo; the convergence of Interstates 75 and 90, among others; the Port of Toledo on Lake Erie; and abundant rail service. 近年来, that list includes proximity to the Utica and Marcellus Shale formations and their abundant supply of high quality natural gas. More than $83 billion has been invested in shale-related development in 俄亥俄州 from from 2011 through 2019, much of which is in Northwest 俄亥俄州. Energy providers and their customers are transforming this region into a lower-cost location than comparable areas for energy-intensive industries.
Columbia Gas of 俄亥俄州 interconnects with several interstate gas pipelines in Northwest 俄亥俄州, enabling it to deliver low-cost and reliable gas supply to the region. “Natural gas is a key component to nearly all development projects,文斯·帕里西说, president and chief operating oﬃcer. “Columbia Gas maintains positive relationships with developers, city and county oﬃcials and regional and state economic development groups in northwest 俄亥俄州. It’s important for municipalities and utilities to work together for regional development, and Columbia Gas takes that role very seriously. This gives areas like Northwest 俄亥俄州 an advantage when working with companies looking to come to the area or local businesses wanting to expand.”
Parisi says Northwest 俄亥俄州 beneﬁts from availability of supply from several geographic areas, not just the Utica and Marcellus Shale that span parts of Pennsylvania, 俄亥俄和西弗吉尼亚. “ There is the traditional supply from the southeastern U.S. 俄亥俄州和东部, there is supply from the Texas panhandle area, and there is supply from the Marcellus/Utica areas,他指出. “With supply coming from three distinct areas of the country, Northwest 俄亥俄州 enjoys the beneﬁt of supply diversity, 收益率低, stable pricing and increased reliability.”
DTE Energy operates in several energy-service roles to provide natural gas in Northwest 俄亥俄州, regionally and throughout many areas of the U.S. 俄亥俄州西北部的, it has a 50% ownership in NEXUS Gas Transmission, 256英里, 36-inch interstate pipeline crossing northern 俄亥俄州. DTE also has a 50% ownership in a PUCO-regulated pipeline company called Generation Pipeline that provides natural gas transportation services to industrial customers east of Toledo in the Oregon, 俄亥俄州, area. DTE Energy Services also provides onsite services for industrial customers throughout 俄亥俄州 and many states throughout the U.S. These include cogeneration or CHP, 锅炉, various industrial roles with systems for hot water, 蒸汽, chilled water and such renewables as geothermal, 太阳能, digesters for power and renewable natural gas.
“Natural gas is a preferred economical fuel choice for many industrial customers, especially when they have specific industrial process requirements for increased heat/firing temperatures for their process,Ken Magyar说, 副总统, 项目及业务发展, 数据终端设备能源. “Natural gas offers great pairing options when combined with renewable energy components, such as the ability to meet load shapes from intermittent to cycling capabilities throughout the day and seasonally. The commodity pricing of natural gas has been, and for the foreseeable future will be, very economical and attractively priced as a fuel from our abundant domestic supply-producing areas. The increased use of natural gas has also provided for a reduction in emissions when replacing other fuel choices such as coal and oil in industrial applications.”
Magyar says Northwest 俄亥俄州 is well connected by a confluence of natural gas pipelines with access to gas supplies from 俄亥俄州, the Gulf Coast and midcontinent basins in the southern U.S., and Michigan and Canadian assets and basins to the north. Northwest 俄亥俄州 has the geographic advantage of being in the same state with the lowest-cost natural gas production from the prolific Utica and Marcellus shale formations in adjacent 宾夕法尼亚和西弗吉尼亚, 他有关. “Pipeline companies such as NEXUS and others are delivering significant natural gas volumes from 俄亥俄州 production areas and from Pennsylvania/West Virginia to Northwest 俄亥俄州 and Michigan through new, 大口径, high-capacity pipelines from eastern 俄亥俄州, 宾夕法尼亚和西弗吉尼亚,”马札尔人的解释说. “Natural gas availability and landed cost will be important components for industrials with large energy requirements to compete in a global setting to manufacture and deliver products to their customers in this region and ship them out globally.”
North Coast Gas Transmission provides specialty pipeline infrastructure for large industrial customers and local distribution companies locating or expanding in 俄亥俄州. “Natural gas is often a key resource needed by many companies,Lee Lochtefeld说, 总裁兼首席执行官. “无论是农业, 发电, 钢铁生产, 精炼或化学加工, all these industries rely on cleaner burning natural gas as a fuel source capable of producing the large amounts of heat they need. 俄亥俄州’s inexpensive, abundant supply of natural gas makes 俄亥俄州 very attractive to these industries.” Lochtefeld says companies like North Coast Gas Transmission continue to make significant investments in not only low-pressure distribution systems, but also high-pressure transmission systems. “These investments are allowing businesses to access greater volumes of natural gas at higher pressures. The robust infrastructure reduces construction lead times for commercial in-service and provides a solid foundations for growth and expansion.
“Natural gas will continue to grow and displace more carbon-intensive fuel sources like coal, 石油和柴油,”Lochtefeld补充道. “另外, onsite generation and distributed energy solutions are likely to play a larger role in our future energy supply and connectivity to natural gas should be a significant consideration in site selection.”
Supply Proximity Means Price Stability
Customers of these and other natural gas players in Northwest 俄亥俄州 agree. “Natural gas is necessary for our operation in the processing of crude oil into clean fuel products,艾伦·金说, 高级主管, 天然气与电力, 在PBF控股公司, 有限责任公司, the owner of Toledo Refining Company. 可用性丰富, low-cost gas makes the Toledo Refinery more cost competitive in the world market. “The Toledo area market is well supplied by pipelines from gas production fields, 存储字段, and is on the crossroads between market areas. 作为一个结果, Toledo enjoys stable prices even during cold weather or other events that cause other markets to react with violent price swings.”
Part of that price stability is the proximity to supply, King notes. “The Northwest 俄亥俄州 market is physically closer to the shale production regions in eastern 俄亥俄州 and western Pennsylvania than the Michigan and Chicago markets, often enabling the price of natural gas to be lower than in those locations. In the event of a high-demand cold weather event or pipeline issue, the Northwest 俄亥俄州 region has several alternative supply paths that some other regions do not have. The region can better obtain gas through alternative routes and keep the delivered price low.”
Alpont, 有限责任公司, Hermitage的一个子公司, Pennsylvania-based Interstate Chemical Company, refines natural gas into methanol, which is then reacted with other products to make a catalyst for manufacturing bio-fuels. Its new, $62 million Toledo-area chemical facility began operations in 2017.
“Our process requires high pressure natural gas, and the pipeline we’re connected to is around 850 PSI,卢·拉扎诺说, 执行副总裁. “Low-cost natural gas and a growing network of pipelines are factors that weighed in on the decision to build in Oregon, 俄亥俄州.”
Evaluating and selecting a site on which to locate a new manufacturing facility is a complex process, 说Razzano, who had three main criteria during the location-discernment process: (1) accessibility in terms of highway systems and ports for transportation of raw materials and ﬁnished product, (2)可利用的劳动力, “as it represents the lifeblood of the facility’s production,” and (3) the availability and quality of utilities.
“Because utilities can represent between 20% and 30% of overall annual operating costs, it is vital to assess them and understand the overall impact to a company’s income statement,“Razzano断言. “ The cost for natural gas is twofold — initial startup and annual recurring costs. The high-pressure pipeline that runs up the west side of our property allowed us to reduce the startup construction cost, and the availability of the competitive, low-cost shale gas has kept the overall annual recurring cost low compared to other regions of the U.S.”
选址 Magazine – November 2020, Pages 57-61